A fugue is a kind of escape!

Ruedi to go

In these quick explainers, our conductor Ruedi Lutz gets straight to the heart of a variety of musical concepts. Clear, concise, entertaining. Simply “Ruedi to go”!


In this short video, Rudolf Lutz is given two minutes to explain a fugue. First, he shows that fugues always begin with a “bare” (unaccompanied) theme and plays an example on the piano (When Israel was in Egypt’s Land). This is followed by the “comes” (a sort of answer, a second voice); in this case, it sounds a fifth above the theme. At the same time, the first voice develops a counterpoint against the second voice. Prior to the cue for the third voice, there is a short interlude (a “Zwischenspiel”, as Rudolf says). And on it goes. A fourth voice could now be added.

A fugue is a kind of escape!

As Rudolf says: keep it simple, stupid!

Leave a comment

We value your feedback – simply send us your thoughts on this video

Support us

Support the Bachipedia project as a donor – in order to raise the profile of Bach's vocal oeuvre worldwide and improve access to his works, especially for the young. Thank you very much!

JSB Newsletter

Follow us on: